Canada. In January, six men were shot to death during an
evening prayer at a mosque in the city of Quebec. According
to media, the attack was one of the worst against Muslims in
a Western country. In addition to the deaths, 20 people were
injured, five of them seriously. Shortly after the deed,
27-year-old Alexandre Bissonnette surrendered to the police,
after which he was formally arrested on six murders and five
attempted murders. Canadian police were outraged about the
motive, but according to US security sources, Bissonnette
was likely motivated by his hatred of Muslims. Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau described the incident as a
During the year, more and more refugees and migrants
sought refuge in Canada. The increase began in February and,
according to Canadian police, was partly due to the fact
that many refugees felt fear of US tougher migration policy
since Donald Trump took office. In the province of Quebec's
largest city Montreal, authorities opened the city's Olympic
Stadium in August to accommodate the rising number of asylum
seekers. The same month, many Haitians came from the United
States across the border to Quebec to seek asylum in Canada.
About 60,000 Haitians were offered temporary sheltered
status in the United States following the Great Haiti
earthquake in 2010, but the United States has warned that
the residence permit, which expires in 2018, may be revoked.
In April, a US-Canada trade dispute broke out. The
quarrel was about a long-contested issue of Canadian timber,
which the United States was considering imposing new duties
on. Further, the United States threatened to change the
rules for the importation of dairy products since Canada
imposed tariffs on a product used for cheese production.
Countryaah.com, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau visited the Vatican in May
to invite the Pope to visit Canada. The purpose was to get
the Pope to make an apology from the Catholic Church to
Canada's indigenous people.
For over a century, around 30% of indigenous children
were placed in boarding schools, many of which were
administered by the Catholic Church - which would cause the
children to abandon their language, culture and traditions.
According to a report from the Canada Truth and
Reconciliation Commission in 2015, children were subjected
to sexual and physical abuse at boarding schools.
In July, around 25,000 people gathered for a big party in
the capital, Ottawa, to celebrate Canada's 150th
Media reported in September that the province of Ontario
planned to open 40 marijuana stores by July 1, 2018. Sales
would be from both stores and over the Internet. The
decision was made since the Canadian Liberal government
earlier this year presented a bill that legalizes marijuana
for recreational purposes. According to plans, the law would
come into force in mid-2018.
In August, a total of 1,840 forest fires were reported in
the state of British Columbia in western Canada since April.
Over 300 buildings had been destroyed by the fires and tens
of thousands of people had to leave their homes. Of those
who had moved, 6,000 people had still not been able to
return in August. Firefighters were sent from both Australia
and the United States and Mexico to help with the
A policeman was stabbed outside a football stadium in
Alberta's capital, Edmonton, in October. After the attack,
the perpetrator fled in a truck and injured another four
people as he drove at full speed on pedestrians on a central
street in the city. All of the victims were hospitalized for
serious injuries, but none of them were life-threatening
injuries. The offender could be arrested after accidentally
overturning his truck, in which an IS flag was found.
According to the Reuters news agency, the arrested man was a
30-year-old refugee from Somalia, who was on a list of
extremists. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau described the
incident as a terrorist attack.
The same month, the provincial parliament in Quebec
passed a new law banning the face of both those working in
the public sector and those in contact with the authorities.
The new law would come into force on July 1, 2018.
At the initiative of US President Donald Trump,
negotiations began on the NAFTA Free Trade Agreement in
August. The agreement, which applies between Canada, Mexico
and the United States, came into force in 1994. Since then,
a gradual settlement of customs duties has taken place
between the countries. The countries' goal, after Donald
Trump questioned the agreement he deemed unfair, was to
reach agreement on a new treaty before the turn of the year.
But when Donald Trump declared in October that it could be
both possible and possibly impossible to reach an agreement,
it looked increasingly difficult for the countries to reach
the target at the appointed time. Some of the negotiating
points concerned the environment, workers' rights and
Mexican wages. According to TT News Agency, 2.5 million
Canadian jobs are affected by the NAFTA agreement, which was
still in effect in November.
Prime Minister Trudeau's campaign manager Stephen
Bronfman was pointed out in November in the so-called
paradise leak, where 13.4 million documents revealed
business via tax havens. Bronfman was accused of placing
multi-million dollars in a foundation in the Cayman Islands
along with former Liberal Senator Leo Kolber.