Chad. At the beginning of the year, Chad closed its
border with Libya and stationed militia in an attempt to
stop armed militia fleeing from fighting in lawless Libya.
Prime Minister Albert Pahimi Padacké said groups had
gathered near Chad's northern border, and the border area
was declared a military zone.
In January, Chad's Foreign Minister Faki Mahamat was
elected new President of the AU Commission, the African
Union's equivalent to the EU Commission. He was succeeded as
Foreign Minister by the Minister of Culture, who in turn got
a successful film director as successor, Mahamat-Saleh
Countryaah.com, UNHCR had registered nearly 400,000 refugees in Chad,
mainly from neighboring countries Sudan and the Central
African Republic. Chad was one of the countries where the
refugee camps received housing developed by IKEA together
with the organization Better Shelter and UNHCR. The houses
are made of recyclable plastic, delivered in flat packages,
can be assembled in four hours, can accommodate five people
and have a solar panel on the roof.
Over 10 million people were estimated to be in urgent
need of humanitarian assistance in the region of the
drought-hit and shrinking Lake of Chad, where the ravages of
Boko Haram's ravages forced large numbers of people to flee
their homes. At a donor conference in Oslo in February, the
equivalent of SEK 6 billion was promised emergency aid to
those affected in western Chad and in neighboring countries.
According to the UN, close to 2 million people were on the
verge of starvation. In southern Chad, child mortality was
very high and 95% of girls were estimated to be illiterate.
In April, a Senegal special court declared that life
imprisonment against Chad's former dictator Hissène Habré
was upheld. Habré was in exile in Senegal and had appealed
against a lower court judgment for crimes against humanity,
war crime, torture and more. Habré ruled Chad in 1982–90,
when it is estimated that over 40,000 people were killed and
more than 200,000 were tortured.
In May, nine Chadian soldiers were killed and about
thirty were injured when they were attacked by Boko Haram in
Kaiga north of Lake Chad. According to the military, many
attackers were killed. The military also said that more than
160 jihadists were killed in June in fighting on islands in
Lake Chad near the Nigerian border. Some soldiers were also
In June, the UN Security Council supported the plans for
a regional security force jointly for Chad and four other
Sahel states. Approximately 10,000 police and military are
to fight terror groups in the region with financial support
from the EU.
The opposition politician and former presidential
candidate Laoukein Médard was arrested in June on charges of
financial irregularities. Supporters of Médard later tried
to free him from prison, but then they were also arrested.
Chad's economy was severely affected by the security
situation, the influx of refugees and the fall in oil
prices. The state's revenue had to depend on oil exports to
three quarters. Critics said that too much of the
government's budget went to the military. President Idriss
Déby wanted to postpone the planned parliamentary elections
indefinitely because of the country's poor economy. Through
pledges from various donor countries, Chad was able to
secure $ 18.5 billion for a development program for the
years 2017–21. Allied France was one of the donors, and
Paris therefore urged Chad to set a date for the
parliamentary elections. France, the EU and the United
States see Déby as his most important ally in the fight
against terrorism in the Sahel region and are keen for him
to emerge as a democratic electorate. France's
counter-terrorism force of 4,000 men has its headquarters in
Chad was included in the new US list of countries whose
citizens were banned from entering the United States in
September. The Chad government protested and demanded that
the decision be repealed with reference to US and Chad's
cooperation against terrorism. France took Chad in defense,
declared that Chad was an ally and urged the United States
to reconsider its decision.