Timor. In the March presidential election, Fretilins
leader Francisco Guterres was elected the country's
president. Guterres received 57% of the vote, which meant
that a second ballot could be excluded. Both Fretilin and
the CNRT (National Congress of Timor's Reconstruction) - the
country's largest parties - expressed support for Guterres,
who is also called "Lu Olo" after his time as a guerrilla
soldier in East Timor's liberation war from Indonesia.
In July, the country's residents returned to the polls to
vote in the parliamentary elections. The result between
Fretilin and CNRT was very even, with 23 mandates for
Fretilin and 22 for CNRT. As a result, CNRT lost eight
places compared to the last election, while Fretilin's seats
dropped by two. The Democratic Party got seven seats and
eight went to the newly formed People's Liberation Party,
founded by the country's former president Taur Matan Ruak.
According to analysts, dissatisfaction with corruption and
poor economic development was a contributing reason for the
CNRT dropping votes.
Countryaah.com, the Permanent Arbitration Court in The Hague announced in
September that the two neighboring countries Australia and
East Timor had reached an agreement on how to draw the
maritime border between the countries. As a result, the
long-standing conflict over how Timor Lake's oil and gas
assets should be distributed seems resolved.
The same month, Fretilin's Secretary-General Mari
Alkatiri was named the country's new prime minister. In
connection with the nomination, President Guterres said
Alkatiri would form a minority government. As a coalition
partner, the Democratic Party was elected and not the
pre-draft CNRT. A challenge for the prime minister would be
to lift the decline in oil production, according to the
Reuters news agency.