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Israel

Yearbook 2017

2017 IsraelIsrael. Settlements in the occupied area continued during the first two to three months of the year, despite the condemnation of the outside world. Both the EU and the US criticized and called for restraint on Israel. In January, Israel approved 2,500 new settlements on Palestinian land on the West Bank and nearly 600 homes in East Jerusalem. Reportedly, construction laws should have waited until US President Donald Trump took over after Barack Obama to mitigate any criticism. In February, 3,000 new homes were approved at the West Bank. According to Countryaah.com, the EU Foreign Secretary is critical and says the new settlement policy "directly challenges a two-state solution".

Just a few days later, 4,000 new settlement homes were announced on privately owned Palestinian land on the West Bank; the previous owners would be compensated either financially or with new land. This happened in connection with the dismantling of a settlement north of the city of Ramallah which had been declared illegal by the country's highest court. The new settlements on privately owned land are in violation of international law, and according to UN Secretary-General Ant車nio Guterres, it will "have significant legal consequences for Israel".

2017 Israel

In the same month, President Trump spoke about the settlements. This happened during a press conference in connection with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's US visit: ※I would like you to hold back the settlements for a while. We will find a solution. " Trump also argued that a two-state solution was not the only solution, saying that UN criticism of Israeli settler policy was "one-sided and unfair." The day after the meeting, however, United States Ambassador Nikki Haley said that the United States "absolutely" supports a two-state solution.

Despite the UN and US pressure, settlements continued to increase. In October, 2,600 new Israeli settlements were decided on occupied territory on the West Bank.

A conflict that in many ways showed Jerusalem's symbolic value flared up in mid-July after two Israeli policemen were killed by three armed Palestinians near al-Aqsa Mosque in the Old City. The Israeli police closed the mosque and seized Jerusalem's great Muhammad Hussein. A few days later, the mosque and Temple Mount were opened, but protests erupted since the Israeli authorities placed metal detectors at the entrances. Several Muslim leaders urged the world's Muslims to boycott the area, which every true Muslim should visit at some point in their lives. After that, Israel prevented all men under the age of 50 from visiting the walled old city. In the violence that followed in the eastern part of Jerusalem, three Palestinians were shot dead and 300 people injured. The day after, three Israeli settlers were stabbed to death north of Ramallah by a Palestinian. On July 25, the Israeli government decided to remove the metal detectors and later also recently installed surveillance cameras, but still the decision was made that no men under 50 could participate in Friday prayers.

In January, a conference was held in Paris for peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The 70 participating countries agreed that the two-state solution must be kept alive. Britain reserved itself in the final document; According to analysts, it was due to Brexit and the opportunity to get the US as a new trading partner.

When the US entry ban on a number of Muslim countries was introduced in January, Israeli Jews born in one of the seven countries covered by the ban were exempted. In Israel, there are currently 140,000 Jews born in the forbidden countries (Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen). The condition, however, was that they had valid US visas and did not have a valid passport from their home countries. Most come from Iraq and Iran, are over 65 and have escaped persecution.

In February, IKEA received criticism for having produced a special edition of its catalog for strictly Orthodox Jews (Haredim). In the catalog there were no pictures of women, only fathers and sons and in the bookshelves only religious writings. The catalog was created by Israeli IKEA, who later apologized.

In early May, Israel convened Sweden's ambassador Carl Magnus Nesser to stage a protest. This, after Sweden approved a UNESCO resolution that rejects Israel's right to sovereignty over Jerusalem. Sweden must have been the only European country that voted in favor of the resolution. In October, Israel (like the United States) decided to terminate its membership of the UN agency UNESCO because of, it is believed, its anti-Israeli stance.

In early December, the United States recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital, with the aim of moving its embassy there from Tel Aviv. This led to violent protests and clashes between Israeli police and Palestinians. At the end of December, at least eight Palestinians had died in the unrest.

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