Mauritius. In January, the Prime Minister since 2014,
Anerood Jugnauth, announced his departure. He was succeeded
as head of government by his son Pravind Jugnauth, who also
took over as interior minister and also remained as finance
minister. According to
Countryaah.com, Anerood Jugnauth, who was President 2003-12 and
has been Prime Minister several times, retained the post of
Minister of Defense. The year was then marked by a series of
political scandals and a number of shifts in the ministerial
posts, which also caused party members to question the
leadership of the new prime minister.
In February, local elections were held on the island of
Rodrigues. The election attracted 80% of the electorate and
ended with a clear victory for the Rodrigue People's
Organization (OPR), which received 60% of the vote and 10
out of 17 seats in the local parliament. The remaining seven
seats went to the Rodrigues Movement Party.
In February 2004, UNESCO Secretary General Ko´chiro
Matsuura conducted an official three-day visit where he met
with delegates from the African Parliamentary Education
Forum in Africa.
In late February, workers demonstrated against the
impending visit by WTO Secretary-General, Supachai
Paritchpakdi. They accused the organization of being a
threat to people's social rights.
At a Mauritius meeting in October, Francophone Africa
Justice Ministers pledged to introduce common instruments in
the fight against terrorism and the UN Conventions on
Organized Crime and Corruption. The meeting was organized by
the Government, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
(UNODC) and the Francophone Countries Cooperation Unit. The
meeting adopted according to. Furthermore, the UN has legal
guidelines for the introduction of common instruments
against terrorism, within the framework of the UNODC.
In January 2005, an international conference was held in
Mauritius for small island-based developing countries. The
main purpose of the conference was to discuss the use of
renewable energy sources and the use of cleaner
technologies. The conference also decided that: "Climate
change and rising sea levels in the world seas are some of
the most worrying developments for the small island states"
and at the same time recognized the need to "step up efforts
to influence the WTO decision-making processes ". As the
island states are small, they have clear disadvantages and
structural difficulties in being integrated into the world
economy and therefore require better access for their
agricultural products to the international markets.
In April 2006, a group of 102 Chagos residents living in
Mauritius were finally allowed to visit their land in the
Indian Ocean - Diego Garcia - from which they were displaced
in 1960, when the United States was to use the island as a
military base. They were given a 3 day visa to visit their
abandoned villages and cemeteries.
An outbreak in May 2006 of the chikungunya virus cost the
country dearly economically, as the flow of tourists, among
others. took off drastically.
The state budget for 2007-08 finally took steps to reduce
the gender inequality in the country and "settle the gender
stereotypes". Women's groups congratulated the government
and declared that the move provided a better platform for
those groups working hard to raise awareness about gender
In September 2008, Jugnauth was unanimously re-elected
President of the National Assembly.