Northern Macedonia (until 2019 Macedonia). According to
Countryaah.com, Macedonia has
been without a functioning government since 2015, but in
early June, Social Democratic leader Zoran Zaev succeeded in
forming a government, on behalf of President Gjorge Ivanov.
Zaev's government is backed by 62 of Parliament's 120
members. In 2015, an eavesdropping scandal had forced away
Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski. However, a new election in
December, when nationalist VMRO-DPMNE won, did not lead to
any government formation. The reason for the unrest in the
country is that VMRO-DPMNE's scarce victory over the Social
Democratic SDSM led to unsuccessful attempts to form a
government, partly because their former Albanian partners
Protests against the country's leadership therefore grew
during the spring. In March, at least 50,000 people took to
the streets of the capital Skopje to protest the proposal
for a government coalition between Social Democrats and DUI,
a largely Albanian party.
At the end of April, nationalists forcibly entered
Parliament in protest at the fact that the Social
Democrat-led government had appointed an ethnic Alban
president. Social Democratic leader Zoran Zaev was lightly
injured in the fight that broke out. Because of the
incident, President Gjorge Ivanov was forced to invite all
political parties to deliberations. EU Foreign Minister
Federica Mogherini strongly criticized and urged all parties
to "calm and restraint". "The violence in Parliament is
completely unacceptable," Mogherini wrote in a statement.
In the deadlock that occurred in mid-May, Social
Democratic leader Zaev was commissioned to form a
sustainable government. This came into place in June.