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Yearbook 2017

2017 NorwayNorway. The consequences of the terrorist Anders Behring Breivik's mass murder in Oslo and at Utøya in 2011 continued to plague Norway. The sentiments were strong against Breivik being right in court that his human rights were violated through isolation in prison. In March, however, the Court of Appeal overturned the district court's ruling and stated that Breivik was not subjected to inhuman treatment. Breivik sought to proceed to Norway's highest court, but the High Court did not grant a trial permit. During the year Breivik changed its name to Fjotolf Hansen.

An infected debate was held about a planned monument to the 69 people killed on Utøya. A Swedish artist's proposal had won: a 40 meter long and 3.5 meter wide memorial wound through a cape near Utøya. The local people considered it brutal, the government stopped the plans and promised a more low-key memorial.

2017 Norway

According to, Norway strengthened its military defense in Finnmark along the Russian border, and 330 US soldiers were stationed outside Trondheim. In March, a NATO maneuver was carried out with 8,000 soldiers in Finnmark, including US and British troops.

Opinion polls ahead of the September elections gave long the lead to the red-green opposition with Jonas Gahr Støre in the lead. Prime Minister Erna Solberg's Right went sharply back, especially in Solberg's home region of western Norway. But closer to the election, public opinion swung, the Labor Party returned and the government and its support parties moved forward.

Immigration policy was an important issue in the electoral movement. Jonas Gahr Støre accused the government of making the atmosphere in the country cooler by harsh rhetoric around immigrants. It stormed around the Progress Party's integration minister Sylvi Listhaug, who visited Sweden and the Stockholm suburb of Rinkeby, which she pointed out as a warning example of failed integration. Listhaug was harshly criticized by the opposition in Norway, but the brawl seemed to favor the Progress Party in public opinion.

During the year, the Norwegian State Oil Fund reached $ 1 trillion or NOK 8,000 billion. It went well for the Norwegian economy and unemployment was relatively low. The Labor Party was therefore difficult to hear for its criticism of the government's economic policy. In the last polls before the election, the opposition predicted a slight loss.

The election was a decline for the government side, but the Høyre and the Progress Party with the support parties Venstre and the Christian People's Party still retained a majority with 88 of the parliament's 169 seats. The Labor Party lost the most voters and the red-green remained in opposition, although the Center Party rose sharply and the Socialist Left Party also emerged. The Green Party and the Green Party did not reach the four per cent barrier and were given no equalization mandate. As a result, the majority of the four bourgeois parties fell.

Prime Minister Solberg hoped for a four-party government, but the Christian People's Party soon left the talks. They then proceeded with the aim of a minority government with the Right, the Progress Party and the Left.

After the election, Norway got its first female foreign minister. It was former Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide (Høyre), who succeeded Børge Brende when he was appointed head of the World Economic Forum.

A police chief responsible for combating drugs was sentenced in the fall in Oslo to 21 years in prison, the most severe sentence, for helping smuggle close to 14 tonnes of cannabis for many years. He was also convicted of gross corruption. The police chief denied the crime, but his co-accused, called the hashbaron, testified against him and was given a reduced sentence, 15 years in prison. According to the judge, the case was unique in Norwegian legal history.

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