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Sri Lanka

Yearbook 2017

Sri Lanka. According to, hundreds of Sri Lankans demonstrated in January to stop a deal between Sri Lanka and state-owned Chinese company China Merchants Port Holdings. The agreement involved a Chinese industrial zone in the port of Hambantota that China would pay to establish. During the protests, clashes occurred between protesters and police in which one person died and about 40 were injured.

2017 Sri Lanka

In the capital Colombo, 21 people were killed in April when a 91-meter high dump tip collapsed after it started burning in it. 145 small houses were buried in the rubbish dumps. One of the survivors told the media how he heard a massive sound like thunderstorms when the garbage dump collapsed. Then the tiles in his house were crushed and dirty water seeped in.

More than 200 people were reported to have died and more than 100 people were missing following heavy monsoon rains in May. The rains, which caused landslides and heavy flooding, forced more than half a million residents to flee their homes. The weather mainly affected the country's eastern and western parts and is said to have been the worst in Sri Lanka since 2003. As a result of the rain, an intense dengue fever epidemic that in July had caused 300 deaths and infected more than 100,000 people, according to Sri Lanka's health department.

In July, the agreement between Sri Lanka and Chinese state-owned China Merchants Port Holdings was finalized - despite strong protests from residents as well as trade unions and opposition supporters. The agreement means that China, for the equivalent of US $ 1.1 billion, will have the right to lease and operate the port of Hambantota for 99 years. In addition, 70% of the revenue will go to China. Sri Lanka's Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said the deal would offer Sri Lanka 100,000 new jobs. In addition, the country's acute foreign debt would be reduced. According to the Reuters news agency, Sri Lanka had a foreign debt of US $ 26.52 billion in March. But critics in both Sri Lanka and the US, India and Japan expressed fear that the port could be used for military purposes in the future as well.

In August, the country's foreign minister Ravi Karunanayake resigned after he was suspected of a bond fraud.

The government announced in September that a large cannabis cultivation of 40 hectares would be allowed in the country. The annual production was estimated at 25 tonnes and would be protected by the military. Cannabis is prohibited from smoking and holding in Sri Lanka, but is used as an ingredient in the manufacture of traditional medicine. Health Minister Rajitha Senaratne said in a statement that the decision was made after naturalists complained that the quality of the drug could be poor when it was obtained through courts after police seizures. According to the media, any surplus of cannabis would be sold to the US market.

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