Sudan. According to
Countryaah.com, Sudan's diplomatic isolation was partially broken
during the year. In October, the United States imposed a
series of sanctions, the oldest introduced in the 1990s,
citing Sudan's success in cooperating against terrorism and
giving aid organizations greater access to vulnerable
regions such as Darfur. In addition, Sudan had promised not
to buy weapons from North Korea. The decision was expected
to facilitate investments in Sudan's mining and energy
sectors and agriculture.
However, Sudan was not excluded from a list of countries
that the United States believes are devoted to
state-sponsored terrorism. Sudan thus does not receive debt
relief or buy American weapons.
In September, the United States removed Sudan from a
contentious entry ban list, which included countries with a
predominantly Muslim population, which President Donald
Trump announced early this year. The European Union promised
large sums in exchange for Khartoum's help in controlling
migration flows. Human rights groups were critical to the
In March, President Omar al-Bashir appointed his trusted
Bakri Hassan Saleh as prime minister, a post abolished at
the 1989 coup.
al-Bashir continued to travel abroad despite an
international arrest warrant issued by the International
Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague against him for suspected
war crimes and other crimes in Darfur. Jordan did not heed
calls from human rights groups to arrest or deny al-Bashir
entry in March when the country hosted a summit with the
Arab League. In November, al-Bashir visited the Russian
Federation for the first time. He asked President Vladimir
Putin for help in resisting US aggression and discussed
energy and agriculture cooperation and arms purchases.
In June, the UN Security Council decided to reduce its
peacekeeping operation in Darfur in 2018. The UNAMID joint
force established by the UN and the African Union (AU) would
decrease by 30%, to about 8,700 soldiers in June 2018. Sudan
emphasized that the violence has subsided in Darfur and
extended an unilateral ceasefire. The UN recalled that 2.6
million people displaced during the conflict must be allowed
to return to their homes. In November, government forces
arrested militia leader Musa Hilal, who was accused of
genocide and other crimes in Darfur. He had refused to
disarm his militia.
The government also extended a unilateral ceasefire in
the Blue Nile and South Kurdufan provinces. The rebel
movement SPLM-North (Sudanese people's liberation movement)
accused the government of breaking the ceasefire. At the
same time, SPML-North was shaken by deep contradictions.