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Yearbook 2017

Sudan. According to, Sudan's diplomatic isolation was partially broken during the year. In October, the United States imposed a series of sanctions, the oldest introduced in the 1990s, citing Sudan's success in cooperating against terrorism and giving aid organizations greater access to vulnerable regions such as Darfur. In addition, Sudan had promised not to buy weapons from North Korea. The decision was expected to facilitate investments in Sudan's mining and energy sectors and agriculture.

2017 Sudan

However, Sudan was not excluded from a list of countries that the United States believes are devoted to state-sponsored terrorism. Sudan thus does not receive debt relief or buy American weapons.

In September, the United States removed Sudan from a contentious entry ban list, which included countries with a predominantly Muslim population, which President Donald Trump announced early this year. The European Union promised large sums in exchange for Khartoum's help in controlling migration flows. Human rights groups were critical to the cooperation.

In March, President Omar al-Bashir appointed his trusted Bakri Hassan Saleh as prime minister, a post abolished at the 1989 coup.

al-Bashir continued to travel abroad despite an international arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague against him for suspected war crimes and other crimes in Darfur. Jordan did not heed calls from human rights groups to arrest or deny al-Bashir entry in March when the country hosted a summit with the Arab League. In November, al-Bashir visited the Russian Federation for the first time. He asked President Vladimir Putin for help in resisting US aggression and discussed energy and agriculture cooperation and arms purchases.

In June, the UN Security Council decided to reduce its peacekeeping operation in Darfur in 2018. The UNAMID joint force established by the UN and the African Union (AU) would decrease by 30%, to about 8,700 soldiers in June 2018. Sudan emphasized that the violence has subsided in Darfur and extended an unilateral ceasefire. The UN recalled that 2.6 million people displaced during the conflict must be allowed to return to their homes. In November, government forces arrested militia leader Musa Hilal, who was accused of genocide and other crimes in Darfur. He had refused to disarm his militia.

The government also extended a unilateral ceasefire in the Blue Nile and South Kurdufan provinces. The rebel movement SPLM-North (Sudanese people's liberation movement) accused the government of breaking the ceasefire. At the same time, SPML-North was shaken by deep contradictions.

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