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Yearbook 2017

2017 TurkeyTurkey. The referendum on a constitutional change, as well as the aftermath of the coup attempt in July 2016, characterized the year. But first out was a shooting death at the exclusive Istanbul club Reina, where 39 people died during New Year's Eve. More than half of the dead were foreign nationals. According to Countryaah.com, the Islamic State terrorist group (IS) took the deed, and a few weeks later a suspected IS man from Uzbekistan was arrested.

In January, the Turkish parliament approved the constitutional amendments that give President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan more power. Of the members, 339 voted in favor of the proposal, while 142 voted against. The amendments to the Constitution mean, among other things, that Erdoğan has the opportunity to remain President until 2029, that the Prime Minister's post be removed to be replaced by Vice President (s) and that the President can appoint and dismiss Ministers at his own discretion. In May, President Erdoğan returned as party leader of the ruling AKP (Justice and Development Party), a post he was allowed to leave when he became president in 2014 - that post before the constitutional amendment was purely ceremonial and non-political.

2017 Turkey

In the April 16 referendum on the constitutional amendments, the jas side won a tight victory with 51.4% of the vote against the no-48.6%. The turnout was 84%.

The electoral movement among foreigners became dramatic and as a result of diplomatic developments. In March, Turkey broke its diplomatic relations with the Netherlands after two ministers were prevented from appearing (see Netherlands). Turkish elections were also stopped in Germany. This led President Erdoğan to accuse Germany and the Netherlands of "Nazi methods".

In the surge following the coup attempt in the summer of 2016, a mass trial in February started against 330 people accused of interference. In April, it was announced that more than 1,000 people have been arrested on suspicion of having links with minister Fethullah G邦len. He has been living in exile for several years in the US but is believed by Erdoğan to be the brain behind the coup attempt. In the same month, about 4,000 civil servants were fired, including 1,000 from the Ministry of Justice and 1,000 army employees. In May, over 4,000 judges and prosecutors got rid of their jobs, accused of involvement in the coup attempt. The day before the anniversary of the coup attempt on July 15, the purges continued with the firing of 7,000 police officers, academics and officials. A total of 110,000 people had been taken care of at the turn of the year and more than 47,000 had been detained for involvement in the coup attempt. At the same time, well over 100,000 people had lost their jobs for the same reason. At the end of December, it was announced that Turkey is now being forced to re-employ 110,000 people following the major purges done by government employees following the coup attempt. Since then, 140,000 lawyers, teachers, civil servants, military and college employees have lost their jobs, of which 55,000 have been arrested.

A Swedish IT consultant, Ali Gharavi, was arrested in early July along with nine other human rights activists who held a workshop to train activists. They were charged with belonging to an armed terror group and at the trial, the prosecutor demanded up to 15 years in prison. Not until the end of October did Gharavi and the other activists be released pending the resumption of the trial at the end of November.

Following the March 2016 agreement between Turkey and the EU that Turkey will prevent Syrian refugees from accessing the EU, more than 850,000 refugees are now receiving assistance in the form of payment cards to buy food and other supplies. It is thus the largest aid program ever funded by the EU. According to the settlement, € 3 billion would go to refugees in Turkey.

When the "Paradise Leak" burst in early November, it turned out that Prime Minister Binal Yıldırım's sons own two companies based in Malta. It caused the largest Turkish opposition party CHP (Republican People's Party) to demand Yıldırım's departure.

In connection with a NATO exercise in Norway in mid-November, modern Turkey's founder Atat邦rk and President Erdoğan were portrayed as enemies. This prompted 40 Turkish soldiers to leave the exercise in protest. NATO commander Jens Stoltenberg apologized for what could be called a mistake by an individual. The excuse, however, was not accepted by Erdoğan, who said that the mistake could not be "flushed with a simple little apology".

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