Tuvalu. In July, Fiji's President Frank Bainimarama
promised that people forced to flee from Tuvalu due to
climate change will be allowed to settle permanently in
Fiji. He made the same offer to the people of Kiribati. Both
islands are low-lying and have been affected by elevated sea
levels. By contrast, two Tuvalu families were rejected when
applying for refugee status in New Zealand. According to
Countryaah.com, the families
referred to the negative impact of climate change on their
ability to live and survive in the future on the island of
Tuvalu where they had previously lived.
In November, the announcement came that Tuvalu would
receive US $ 8.75 million from the World Bank to equip and
improve security at the country's international airport. It
was mainly about repairing the runway, which was damaged by
A week after joining the Commonwealth, in September 2000,
it was formally admitted to the UN as country number 189.
During the ceremony, Ionatana Ionatana emphasized that he
expected his country to benefit from the United Nations
education and development programs.
When Ionatana died in December 2000, the post of prime
minister was taken over by his Deputy Prime Minister
The government declared the same year that the proceeds
from the sale of the country's Internet domain "TV" to a
Canadian TV company for $ 50 million. The US $ was to be
used to improve the education system outside Funafuti,
repair the heavily dilapidated government buildings and
extend the capital's runway. The TV company will also have
to pay part of its profits on the TV domain to Tuvalu in the
future. Sea transport between the islands and the outside
world is poor today. A single boat handles the transport
between the islands, while an Australian warship defends the
country's sea area and fishing rights.
New trends from the outside world have entered Tuvalu's
culture in recent years - especially through TV and videos.
It has changed social patterns and family patterns. Among
other things. This has led to alcoholism and sexual abuse
being taken to recent years.
Some of the country's residents have begun to buy
property in Fiji, Australia and Aotearoa because they
anticipate the moment when the country's drinking water
supply escapes as a result of the rise in world seas and
global warming. In March 2001, Tuvalu, along with Kiribati
and the Maldives, opened a lawsuit against the United States
because the superpower had refused to ratify the Kyoto
Protocol on the limitation of CO 2 emissions.
Since then, the country has found a place as a consistent
opponent of developed countries emitting ever-increasing
amounts of CO 2 into the atmosphere.
Former Finance Minister Saufato Sopoanga was elected
prime minister in August 2002, following an election where
Koloa Telake had to resign.
In May 2004, Sopoaga declared that the people had to
decide whether to transform the country into a republic and
thus cease to have the British queen as head of state.
In October, Toafa received 8 out of 15 parliamentary
votes and therefore assumed the post of prime minister. Upon
his accession, he declared that he expected to implement
many political changes for the benefit of the country and
that his government would work throughout the term of
General Governor Faimalaga Luka died in April 2005 and
was succeeded by the post of Filoimea Telito.
Various reports published in 2006 confirmed that Tuvalu
is likely to be one of the first islands to disappear in the
Pacific Ocean, as a result of the rising sea level caused by
global warming. At the COP-15 climate summit in Copenhagen
in December 2009, Tuvalu's spokesman, Ian Fry, was one of
the most critical of the summit's failure to achieve results
and the prospect of his country disappearing into the
Pacific. Its highest point is just 4½ m above sea level.