Rwanda. According to
Countryaah.com, Rwanda President Paul Kagame was reelected for a
third term in the August presidential election. The outcome
was considered given in advance and Kagame himself described
the choice as a "formality". He received just over 98% of
the vote, according to the Election Commission. Kagame had
two approved challengers: Frank Habineza of the Greens and
independent Philippe Mpayimana. Kagame's African government
colleagues are also believed to have been confident of his
re-election when in July they appointed him President of the
African Union (AU) for the year 2018.
Both Habineza and Mpayimana stated that they were exposed
to threats and harassment. So did another independent
candidate, businesswoman and activist Diane Shima Rwigara.
But she did not even get a candidate because she was not
considered to have collected enough approved signatures.
Shortly after she announced in May that she would be
posting, nude pictures were published on her on social
media. She stated that they were manipulated.
In September, Rwigara was arrested along with several
supporters and members of her family, as well as leading
representatives of the opposition party FDU-Inkingi. Rwigara
is alleged to have forged signatures in support of his
candidacy and to plan a rebellion. The proposal showed that
Kagame's government could not withstand criticism, among
others, the human rights group Human Rights Watch. In
October, the same organization published a report
documenting how the military imprisoned people suspected of
engaging with armed groups. They were held in military camps
without charges and subjected to torture and ill-treatment
to force confessions.
The International Monetary Fund lowered its forecast for
the country's growth from 6.2 to 5.2% for 2017, but
considered the economy to accelerate in 2018. Finance
Minister Claver Gatete expected that tourism, mining and oil
exploration would contribute. According to the World Bank,
the damping was due to drought, weak export prices and a
construction boom sounded.
Stockholm District Court opened a trial in September
against a 49-year-old Rwandan-born man for genocide. The
trial is the third of its kind in Sweden. In February, Svea
High Court set a life sentence for another Swedish-Rwandan
man for similar crimes.
Rwanda announced in November that the country was
prepared to receive 30,000 migrants stranded in Libya and
risked being sold as slaves. The play came shortly after a
well-publicized report on slave auctions in Libya broadcast
by the broadcasting company CNN.