|The Earth has 149,440,850 square kilometers of emerged
areas (which are not covered by water), which corresponds to
about 29.1% of the planet's total surface, the so-called
What are “continents”?
The continents are the great extensions of land that
shelter different forms of life, being surrounded and
separated by the oceans.
Approximately 400 million years ago, the earths emerged
from the planet were united in only one continent, called "Pangeia".
Due to the movement of plate tectonics, this single immense
continent fragmented approximately 60 million years ago,
giving rise to the current six continents.
Are we going to get to know each of these six continents
Six Continents of the Earth
The six continents of the Earth are:
- Asia - The largest continent on Earth and the one
with the largest population on the planet. It has a
total area of almost 45 million kmē and it is
estimated that the current population is 3.6 billion
people. On the Asian continent we find the highest point
in the world: Mount Everest, with 8,848 meters high.
Among the countries that make up Asia, we can mention:
most of Russia, Saudi Arabia, China and India.
- America - With a total area of 42 million kmē, it
is the second largest continent in the world. It is
generally divided into North America, Central America
and South America; or, still, in Anglo-Saxon America and
Latin America. Among the countries that are part of
America, we can mention: in North America, the United
States; in Central America, Haiti and Cuba; in South
America, Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
- Africa - With a territorial extension of more than 30
billion kmē and an estimated population of 1.2 billion
inhabitants, Africa is one of the continents that have
the largest number of ethnic groups on the planet. Among
the 54 countries that make up the African continent, we
can mention: South Africa, Egypt, Mozambique.
- Antarctica - The fourth largest
continent in the world, with a territorial area of
approximately 14 million kmē, also being called "South
Pole". The area of this continent is divided between
several countries in the world, which carry out
scientific studies there. The Antarctic continent is
formed not only by ice, but also by an extensive amount
of land. The famous penguins live there.
- Europe - With a territorial extension of just over 10
million kmē and a population of approximately 800
million inhabitants, Europe is the second smallest
continent in the world, being only bigger than Oceania.
The European continent has exercised great influence
throughout the world, expanding its economic, social,
political and cultural values. Among the 49 countries
that are part of Europe, we can mention England,
Germany, Spain and Portugal.
- Oceania - Smallest continent on the planet, Oceania
is called "brand new world" by Europeans, as it was the
last region to be colonized by them. It consists of 14
countries and 14 areas dominated by other countries,
including islands and archipelagos. Among the countries
that are part of Oceania, we can mention: Australia, New
Zealand and Tahiti.
Countryaah, Middle East is not a continent, but
a part of Asia. Three world religions originate in the
Both Judaism and Christianity have their roots in
Jerusalem, while the youngest world religion is Islam,
originating from Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. In
today's Middle East, Islam has the most followers of the
three religions. However, there is a Christian minority
throughout the region, while Judaism is concentrated in
Area: 5,200,000 kmē
Population: 232 million
Largest countries by population
- Iran - 82 million
- Iraq - 38 million
- Saudi Arabia - 28 million
- Yemen - 27 million
- Syria - 17 million
Geography of the Middle East
In the Middle East, there is a strong contrast between
the relatively small cultivable areas and the vast desert
areas. The population is then concentrated to places where
there is water: coasts, river valleys and precipitous
mountain slopes. The ecological conditions have given rise
to three forms of life: agriculture, urban industries and
nomadic livestock management, which, however, have been
economically and culturally well integrated with each other.
The countries that belong to the Middle East are not
clearly defined, but the term traditionally covers the
southwestern part of the Asian continent and sometimes
includes some North African countries. The Middle East is
rather a political and cultural term, rather than a
geographical one. Islam is the main religion in most
countries and forms a unifying cultural entity throughout
the region. Another common feature is the significant oil
finds that have contributed to the sudden wealth of
rain-poor desert states such as Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi
Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
Peace and war in the Middle East
Since the Second World War, the Middle East has been
mainly mentioned in the media for the region's many wars and
conflicts. The region is one of the world's absolute focal
points and several initiatives have been taken to create
peace. Among other things, the "Roadmap for Peace" has been
started as an attempt to bring rivals Israel and Palestine
closer together. However, most peace-building initiatives
have so far ended as yet another proof that it is infinitely
difficult to create lasting peace between the region's
various countries and population groups.
Attractions in the Middle East
A trip to the Middle East involves sunsets in endless
desert landscapes, beautiful beaches and biblical sites that
touch. The metropolis of Dubai, the capital of one of the
sheikhs in the United Arab Emirates, is packed with almost
unreal construction projects. In just a few years, the city
has been transformed from an almost insignificant trading
station to an extravagant jetset city and one prestige
building after another is now popping up between the
Israel is more ancient than today. The present can be
found in Jerusalem's new neighborhood and among the myriad
of restaurants and nightclubs in Tel Aviv. In Iran, you can
be overwhelmed by the magnificent ruins of the even more
magnificent capital of ancient Persian Empire or by the
abundance of beautiful blue mosaics in Isfahan. A long-kept
secret, and that's where the movie hero Indiana Jones found
"the holy grail." The city was built by the Nabataeans, an
Arab people who became rich in caravan trading a few hundred
years around the birth of Christ. But what happened to them
then is a mystery. In the 500s, new caravan roads began to
be used and the Nabateans made no more fuss in history.
Petra was abandoned and fell into oblivion.