Aland. There was political controversy during the year about the provincial government’s proposal for municipal reform, with 16 municipalities to become five. Of Åland’s nearly 29,000 residents, just over a third live in Mariehamn and the rest in smaller municipalities, where Sottunga is the smallest with just under 100 residents. The largest opposition party Center called for a referendum on the reform.
A Norwegian university report in July showed that Åland emits more carbon dioxide per inhabitant than any other area in the EU; 5.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide per person per year. The Ålanders use a lot of oil for electricity, the households are small but the houses are large with many rooms to heat.