Montenegro is a small country located in the Balkans with a population of around 620,000 people. The economy of Montenegro is largely dependent on tourism, agriculture and fisheries with its GDP per capita estimated at US$11,095 in 2017. In terms of foreign relations, Montenegro is a member of the United Nations and has strong ties to other countries in the region such as Serbia and Croatia. It also has strong economic ties to countries such as Russia and China. In terms of politics, Montenegro has a multi-party system which includes two major parties: Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) and Democratic Front (DF). The Parliament consists of 81 members who are elected by popular vote every four years. In 2017, DPS won the majority in parliamentary elections under President Milo Đukanović’s leadership. See militarynous for Montenegro military and defense.
Montenegro. According to Countryaah.com, Montenegro became NATO member at the end of March. The US Senate approved the accession agreement with the 97-2 votes. In April, President Donald Trump signed the agreement. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for frequently used acronyms and abbreviations related to as well as country profile of Montenegro.
During the year, further revelations came that the Russian Federation was trying to stop Montenegro’s NATO membership by allowing the then Prime Minister Milo Đukanović to assassinate the October 2016 elections. On Election Day, 20 Serbian citizens were arrested and accused of trying to assassinate the president and take over the Montenegrin parliament. Parliament would later be taken over by a Moscow-friendly government. Opposition politicians Milan Knežević and Andrija Mandić were prosecuted for supporting the coup attempt and deprived of parliamentary immunity. At a summit in Montenegro in August, US Vice President Mike Pence confirmed his country’s official stance on the issue: “Russia’s intentions were exposed last year as Moscow-based agents tried to disrupt Montenegro’s elections, attack your parliament and even murder your prime minister.”
During the summer, Montenegro was also hit by the heatwave Lucifer, which in southern and eastern Europe brought temperatures up to 47 degrees and led to severe forest fires.
It is towards the middle of the century. XV which, as an adherent of Venice, the Crnojević (Blacks) dynasty is affirmed and becomes light, from whose name the upper Zeta (the lower one had fallen into the hands of the Turks) takes the new and definitive name of Crnagora (Montenegro) . The history of Montenegro itself begins with them. In 1452 the republic of Venice, investing Stefano Crnoiević with the office of captain and duke of the upper Zeta, wrote the first page. Stefano, with the help and collaboration of the republic, achieves continuous successes against the Turks and Slavs, their vassals. At his death (1465) the prestige of Venice in the Near East not only greatly increased, but the political physiognomy and historical mission of Montenegro are now also outlined: a solid autonomous state body which, under the high patronage of Venice, when all around is slavery and Islamism, it is exalted by fighting for independence and Christianity. The isolation and primordiality of the legal systems, as well as being causes of weakness, constitute their strength. Stefano is succeeded by Giovanni Crnojević (1466-1490) who suffered the most terrible shocks: victorious in 1473, for which he was conferred the patriciate of Venice, he had, in 1479, after the epic but unfortunate Venetian defense of Scutari, abandon his land and take refuge in Venice. But in 1481 he returned and, albeit to a lesser extent, reconstituted the state: in place of Žabljak, abandoned, he placed his residence in Cettigne, where in 1484 he founded the monastery of the Nativity of the Virgin, his and vladika (metropolitan). From 1490 to 1496 Giorgio, Giovanni’s son, was in power. In 1496 an act of his imprintness almost rekindled the war between the Turkish and the republic, so the latter recalled him to Venice and held him there by conferring the government of Montenegro on his brother Stefano (1496-1499). However, the deprecated war breaks out anyway. In 1499 the Turks broke into lower Montenegro, took Cettigne, imprisoned and deposed Stefano. The Crnojević family, among whom family dissensions had begun to spread, dispersed between Venice and Constantinople. The Venetian branch died out in 1636. Of those passed to Constantinople we remember Scanderbeg Crnojević, who, as a Turkish sangiacco, ruled Montenegro from 1514 to 1528.