Bosnia and Herzegovina. The six Western Balkan countries
(Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia,
Montenegro and Serbia), not yet members of the EU, met in
May at a summit in Brussels. However, only Montenegro and
Serbia are currently holding formal EU negotiations.
According to EU Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini, it is
of great importance that the other countries should be
closer to the EU, not least for security policy reasons.
A few weeks later, the foreign ministers from Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia and Serbia gathered
in Stockholm for a seminar on the EU integration of the
At the end of June, a verdict in the Netherlands caused a
great upset in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to
Countryaah.com, the Court had ruled
that the Netherlands was only partially responsible for the
Srebrenica massacre in 1995. The Dutch peacekeeping forces
were charged with protecting the civilian population but did
not provide sufficient protection for the 8,000 Muslim boys
and men killed by Bosnian forces. According to the judgment,
the Dutch state must pay damages to 350 families, which is
insufficient according to the Srebrenica's mothers
organization. “The verdict is shameful. We will not accept
it, ”said Munira Subašić, leader of the organization.
Ljubiša Beara, security commander of the Bosnian Serb
army staff during the civil war in the mid-1990s, died in
February in a German prison. He was convicted in 2010 by the
Tribunal in The Hague for, among other things, genocide when
he participated in the massacre in Srebrenica.
Finally, in August, the Russian Federation paid its debt
to former Yugoslavia. The money, equivalent to SEK 565
million, was lent out in connection with the collapse of the
Soviet Union in 1991 and repaid to Bosnia and Herzegovina on
August 8. The total now amounted to just over SEK 1 billion.
In late November, Bosnian Serb army leader Ratko Mladić
got his verdict before the War Criminal Tribunal in The
Hague (ICTY). He was sentenced to life in prison for crimes
against humanity, genocide and war crimes, including the
Srebrenica massacre (1995) and the four-year siege of
Sarajevo (from 1992). Mladić was arrested in Serbia in May
2011 on a farm north of Belgrade under his name. One week
later, the same court ordered Slobodan Praljak's 20-year
prison sentence for, among other things. war crimes against
Bosniaks 1992–95. Praljak took poison (cyanide) before the
tribunal and died shortly thereafter.