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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 2017

2017 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. The six Western Balkan countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia), not yet members of the EU, met in May at a summit in Brussels. However, only Montenegro and Serbia are currently holding formal EU negotiations. According to EU Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini, it is of great importance that the other countries should be closer to the EU, not least for security policy reasons.

A few weeks later, the foreign ministers from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia and Serbia gathered in Stockholm for a seminar on the EU integration of the Western Balkans.

2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina

At the end of June, a verdict in the Netherlands caused a great upset in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to Countryaah.com, the Court had ruled that the Netherlands was only partially responsible for the Srebrenica massacre in 1995. The Dutch peacekeeping forces were charged with protecting the civilian population but did not provide sufficient protection for the 8,000 Muslim boys and men killed by Bosnian forces. According to the judgment, the Dutch state must pay damages to 350 families, which is insufficient according to the Srebrenica's mothers organization. “The verdict is shameful. We will not accept it, ”said Munira Subašić, leader of the organization.

Ljubiša Beara, security commander of the Bosnian Serb army staff during the civil war in the mid-1990s, died in February in a German prison. He was convicted in 2010 by the Tribunal in The Hague for, among other things, genocide when he participated in the massacre in Srebrenica.

Finally, in August, the Russian Federation paid its debt to former Yugoslavia. The money, equivalent to SEK 565 million, was lent out in connection with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and repaid to Bosnia and Herzegovina on August 8. The total now amounted to just over SEK 1 billion.

In late November, Bosnian Serb army leader Ratko Mladić got his verdict before the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague (ICTY). He was sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity, genocide and war crimes, including the Srebrenica massacre (1995) and the four-year siege of Sarajevo (from 1992). Mladić was arrested in Serbia in May 2011 on a farm north of Belgrade under his name. One week later, the same court ordered Slobodan Praljak's 20-year prison sentence for, among other things. war crimes against Bosniaks 1992–95. Praljak took poison (cyanide) before the tribunal and died shortly thereafter.

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