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Asia History

Nomads time ca. 500-C. 1500

The larger interconnected areas of Asia, particularly suitable for agriculture, are found along the coasts of the west, east and south. In the centuries surrounding the birth of Christ, all the most suitable areas were home to densely populated agricultural crops. To this was added parts of Central Asia, where, despite uncertain rainfall, there could be a basis for fairly dense agricultural communities around natural oases, rivers or irrigated areas.

2017 AsiaCommunication between the densely populated agricultural areas was made difficult until the 1900s. of natural barriers, mountains, deserts and seas, and therefore the world's population has lived throughout most of its history in ignorance of the continent's extent and population. Every single cultural area, every "human ant nest" lived its own life. Nevertheless, cultural links between the most remote parts of the continent, albeit indirect and slow, have continued. There are clear examples of spontaneous development of vastly different solutions to the same problem in different cultures, but equally clear examples exist that material or intangible cultural features have migrated over long distances and have been adapted or recorded in distant areas.

Throughout history, two possibilities have been open to contact between Asia's cultures: the Central Asian steppe land and the sea. The period from approx. 500 to approx. 1500 was, for any other period, the time of the steppes and nomads in the history of the continent, when man - especially after the introduction of the stirrup in the second half of 1000-t. - learned to take advantage of all the horse's opportunities both in war and in peace.

The Central Asian steppe country

According to Abbreviationfinder, the Central Asian steppe country is, for climatic reasons, only to a limited extent suitable for agricultural cultivation and thus for closer settlement; on the other hand, it is suitable for cattle breeding and has from a very early date been home to nomads. To the north and northwest, the steppe country is bounded by a forest belt, to the south by mountains or desert, and only in the east and southwest does the steppe land pass without natural barriers into the densely populated agricultural areas of China, Iran and southern Europe.

Between the cattle-farming nomads and the peasants, there was largely a symbiotic relationship; the nomads made use of land not suitable for arable land and gladly traded their products for the farmer's. The nomads understood the cargo and riding animals that allowed communication between distant areas. In addition to the symbiotic, however, there also existed a contradiction that reflected the vastly different conditions of life. Especially in areas with irrigation, the field farmer was bound to a specific location and depended on peace and security. The nomad depended on freedom and movement, and on still walking he had to follow his pasture with his animals, and had to be prepared to fight for the best pastures.

Exactly when the nomads learned to use the horse as a riding animal, you do not know. In 1000-tfKr. the horse was used militarily, biased tanks, and it is a military technique that is first and foremost linked to the more developed agricultural areas. First from 800-tfKr. we meet more extensive use of the horse as a riding animal - yet without stirrups. From 600-tfKr. the Middle East was attacked by prepared nomads and from 300 AD. China. For the history of China, these early nomadic attacks became crucial, as it was with the use of nomadic fighting techniques that China rallied during the Qind Dynasty in 221 BC.

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